Medicinal plants

Angelica – balances the heart and hormones

Scientific name: Angelica sinensis

The Chinese angelica (Angelica sinensis) is a classical medicinal plant from traditional Chinese medicine and is also known as Dong Quai.

The Chinese name means translated as ” female ginseng ” and already reveals a lot about the healing properties of the Chinese angelica.

Because similar to the ginseng is considered angelica in TCM as a so-called blood herb , which is to serve the harmonization of the blood. The hormone balance should also benefit from Dong Quai.

Angelica – The medicinal herb of the angels and emperors

Angelica belongs to the umbelliferae family (Apiaceae) and is often mistaken for its poisonous conspecific, the bear claw. Like the angelica, it has a hollow, upright-growing giant stalk, which in the case of the Angelica can reach heights of up to 3 m and is covered with double-flowered inflorescences.

There is occasionally confusion within the angelica family, too, because the Chinese angelica known as Dong Quai is often mistaken for the medicinal angelica (Angelica archangelica) native to us.

The reason for this is that both angelica are used medically and because of the almost identical ingredients also have the same healing effect. For this reason, both the Chinese and the medicinal angelica are used in the treatment of

  • anorexia
  • Anemia,
  • Gastrointestinal spasms,
  • disturbed menstrual period,
  • Menopausal and menstrual problems,
  • Rheumatism,
  • Gout,
  • Poor circulation,
  • Liver weakness,
  • typhus
  • and constipation

very popular. The Chinese angelica also has applications

  • Wound bleeding,
  • Arrhythmia
  • and bloody ulcers

which is due to the importance of Dong Quai as a blood herb . She has received this definition from the Chinese “Herbal Emperor” Shennong. Its herbal book Heilgräuterklassiger after Shennong (神农 本草 经) is one of the most important standard works of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

He also described Dong Quai as a female ginseng , pointing out the similar effect. On the other hand, the name indicates the special significance of the Chinese angelica in classical gynecological disorders. The German name “angelica” for Angelica, however, has its very different story:

In the Middle Ages, the Archangel Michael is said to have appeared to a monk in a dream and pointed out Angelica as a remedy for the plague.It is also said that angelica flowers especially vigorously on Michael’s name day, September 29th.

Effect of angelica – ingredients at a glance

At the root of Dong Quai is a high content of essential oils . These are mainly composed of two active substances or groups of active ingredients:

  • 15-Oxypentadecenlacton
  • terpenes

Angelica balances blood levels and hormones

The 15-oxypentadecenelactone contained in Chinese angelica belongs to the active ingredient group of lactones. The flavors are known to drain the body by removing water-binding sodium from the cells.

Especially on the blood this cell drainage has a special effect, because the reduced amount of water ensures that the body’s own blood initially reduced. Vessels and heart are enormously relieved by this process.

In the second step, Dong Quai stimulates the purification of the blood by fresh blood formation . The initial anemia will be lifted later. These herbal effects are especially interesting for:

  • Anemia,
  • High blood pressure,
  • heart failure,
  • and heavy bleeding.

Furthermore, lactones are also considered as testosterone inhibitors . The sex hormone is not only important for men, but as a precursor to female sex hormones also involved in the course of the female cycle and menopause. In particular, too much testosterone can cause tremendous hormone fluctuations, resulting in too

  • lack of ovulation,
  • disturbed menstrual period,
  • disturbed libido,
  • Mood swings during ovulation or menopause
  • and even hormonal hair loss

can lead. 15-Oxypentadecenlacton acts here hormone-regulating and can hormone disorders, such as

  • Menstrual disorders,
  • hormonally conditioned mood swings
  • and menopausal hot flushes

by eliminating the testosterone level.

Angelica’s terpene quenches pain and sores

Terpenes are phytochemicals that give the ethereal vegetable oil of the angelica both its oily consistency and its unique aroma. They also work

  • antibacterial,
  • antioxidant,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antispasmodic,
  • antifungal
  • and sore.

For the healing scheme of Dong Quai in the field of blood purification , but also for the nursing and disinfecting of wounds and the treatment of convulsions , terpenes are therefore very interesting.

The most important terpenes in Dong Quai are

  • bisabolene
  • bisabolol
  • caryophyllene
  • phellandrene
  • pinene

Application of angelica

Dong Quai can be purchased in a wide range of product forms, with the actual content of active ingredients varying widely from product to product. If in doubt, you should therefore keep to the respective manufacturer’s instructions for dosage .

Angelica tea for menopausal and menstrual problems

As with most medicinal plants, such as Columbine , Taiga root or card , can be easily made from angelica tea. The tea has a particularly gentle effect. It is particularly useful for alleviating hormone-related imbalances that occur during the cycle or menopause.

For the preparation of the tea

  • Do you take 1 teaspoon of the root herbs?
  • put them in a cup of boiling water
  • leaves the whole 10 – 15 min. pull
  • The angelica tea can be drunk 3-4 times a day

Angelica capsules and drops in internal diseases

Heart, vessels and organs can be better cured by an increased concentration of active ingredients of the Chinese angelica. A careful dosage is important, which is why the following guidelines are commonly used:

  • Max. every 4 hours 1 g of angelica capsules or
  • Max. 1 – 3 x 30 drops of angelica daily

Both preparations should always be taken with sufficient fluid.

Side effects of Dong Quai root:

Although the use of angelica in anemia is common practice in traditional Chinese medicine, the blood-reducing effect of the herb can aggravate existing anemia . Without targeted instruction treating doctors should take place therefore no intake.

Pregnant and nursing mothers should also refrain from Dong Quai, as the herb can cause diarrhea and bloating in mother and child. During pregnancy, premature labor may be triggered.

People with fairer skin occasionally develop increased sensitivity to sunlight when taking angelica . Cases of acute dermatitis are also known. The reason for this is a phototoxic plant compound called furocoumarin, which makes the skin extremely sensitive.

Experiences with angelica

The exact mechanism of action of the ingredients in Chinese angelica is still not fully understood. However, in two out of three areas of application, the effects that are said to have been confirmed by Dong Quai are at least partially confirmed.

For example, the School of Pharmacy of the Chinese University of Hong Kong has confirmed the positive effect of angelica on menopausal symptoms . The researchers found an estrogen-like effect, meaning that Chinese angelica can mimic the function of the female sex hormone.

The protective function of Dong Quai on the heart and vessels has also been tested in various studies. Interesting is, among other things, a study on the combination effect of angelica and astragalus. The two herbs should together have a particularly cardio-protective function .

Studies on the effect of Dong Quai in indigestion are unfortunately still pending. However, there are already positive experiences from various private users to report, which also makes in this area draw a positive balance.


The Chinese angelica known as Dong Quai can be compared in its effect with the related medicinal angelica.

Its hormone-regulating and heart and vascular protective effect is well documented at least in part and the use of teas, capsules or drops of Dong Quai roots is relatively straightforward.

Since the herb can cause various side effects with wrong dosage or certain counterindications, we recommend a careful consultation with the treating physician before the application.

Medicinal plants

Columbine – No medicinal plant for domestic use

Scientific name: Aquilegia

The sprouted flowers of columbine (Aquilegia), as well as their graceful growth make them a very popular ornamental plant in the garden.

There it gives its locations a magical ambience and lets one think of mystical elf groves. An elf-same healing effect would be logical, you mean? – Rather not.

Columbine – Beautiful and holy, but poisonous

The columbine belongs to the family of the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae) and thrives mainly in temperate locations of the northern hemisphere.

Their unique appearance made them a popular motif in the art as early as the Middle Ages, because their geometric shapes represented an extraordinary challenge.

Especially the filigree spider flowers of Aquilegia were in popular belief cause for all sorts of myths. In addition to elven fairy tales, the columbine was mainly associated with fertility and mother goddesses .

Following the goddess Aphrodite, the roots of the elegant flower were similar to the Ashwangandhaas an aphrodisiac and ritual herbs for love magic use.

Furthermore, Aquilegia symbolized the melancholy of the Mother of God, because her nodding flower head made one think of the sorrow of Saint Mary, but also of her piety.

From this symbolic character derive nicknames of columbine, such as “Pfaffenkäpple” from, for humility and piety are known to be the cardinal virtues of every clergyman.

In medieval medicine, the columbine is also often mentioned. More specifically, it is the Common Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris), which was used here for medicinal purposes. It is often described in this context as a cleansing plant, among others

  • inflammation,
  • Irritability,
  • Gout,
  • Skin rashes,
  • inner restlessness,
  • Lice infestation,
  • Menstrual cramps,
  • Spleen and liver diseases,
  • Rheumatism,
  • poisoning,
  • Constipation,
  • wounds
  • or for welding promotion

Application found.

However, this should not hide the poison content of the columbine, because the plant contains high amounts of toxic hydrocyanic acid .

It was therefore used only well heated and heavily diluted as herbal water.

Ingredients of the columbine – salutary poison effect?

Many of the supposedly healing ingredients of the commons, as well as any other columbine, are actually toxins.

A weak dosage in this case, however, provides for a weakened toxic effect , which now and then has desirable effects on the body. Here is a small overview:

Neutralization of plant toxins is crucial

The main poisons of the columbine include hydrocyanic acid and magnoflorin. Their toxicity in the raw state can be fatal, but can be harmed by a special pretreatment of the plant but harmless.

For this purpose, the plant parts must first be dried and then placed in hot water or hot alcohol, which can disassemble the water-soluble toxins. What’s left is a mildly toxic plant serum that

  • blood-purifying,
  • vascular contracting,
  • urinary and sweaty

Owns properties.

These effects are particularly helpful in the treatment of diseases that cause

  • fever
  • Slag storage or
  • Accumulation of wound substances

to lead.

In such cases, Akelei was formerly used as a means of accelerating the removal of substance . Meanwhile, however, there are much more efficient drugs for such health problems.

And among the medicinal herbs there are enough plants that stimulate the flow of secretion better, for example stinging nettle, lemon balm or thyme.

Columbine also has non-toxic ingredients

A definitely harmless ingredient of the poisonous plant is the linoleic acid contained in it . The omega-6 fatty acid is known to be just balm for the skin, because it works

  • anti-inflammatory,
  • skin cleansing,
  • soothing
  • and cell-protecting.

Linoleic acid is therefore the main reason why Columbine was often used for ablutions on skin irritations or eczema .

However, the proportion of linoleic acid in the columbine is not too high. Again, here other medicinal herbs (eg, castor or thistle) cut off better.

Application of columbine – only as tea!

Columbine is nowadays only used in homeopathy and may not be taken here without express dosage instructions from the treating alternative practitioner.

Common is the use of columbine tea, which is suitable for both ablutions

  • with skin problems and lice infestation

as well as for internal use

  • in systemic diseases

make use of.

Important: It used to be common to munch seeds and roots of columbine and process them into a tincture.

Since, however, especially the seeds contain very high amounts of toxic hydrocyanic acid, we advise against such forms of application.

Buy Columbine – by prescription only

The purchase of columbine in the free trade is not possible because the herb is strictly prescriptiveand actually hardly used medically. Therefore, we can not make any recommendations at this point.


Aquilegia has been admired in art, garden botany and medicine for centuries. Both her leaf arrangement, as well as her enchanting spur flowers inspire and fascinate.

However, the healing effect of the columbine is doubtful and by far not as significant as the poisonous effect of the beautiful ornamental plant.

For the private pharmacy this plant is therefore not recommended. Their healing effects themselves are now regarded as controversial.

Medicinal plants

Kalmus – a blessing for the digestive tract

Scientific name: Acorus calamus

Also known as Calamus known Kalmus (Acorus calamus) is applied in the Asian and Indian medicine for thousands of years and is regarded there as life extensionists.

In our latitudes, calamus is one of the unknown medicinal plants , although it is relatively widespread. In addition to use as a tea herb and spice in food, the root can also be used for washes.

Kalmus – The German Ginger

Kalmus or Kalmuswurzel belongs to the genus of the Kalmusgewachse (Acoraceae). Originally it comes from China and India, where it has been medicinal plant since 3700 BC. Is estimated for their life-prolonging properties. It was not until the 13th century AD that the calamus root was introduced in central Europe thanks to the Tartars.

The Oriental people used the calamus of their time to disinfect drinking water , which already points to the antibiotic and antiviral effect. Likewise, the herb is said to have a gastro-intestinal-friendly effect, with the following fields of application have proven:

  • Gastrointestinal infections
  • stomach ulcers
  • Gastrointestinal spasms
  • indigestion
  • Inflammation of the oral mucosa
  • Tooth and gingivitis
  • anorexia

Worth knowing : Kalmus is also used by the indigenous peoples of North America for strengthening and circulation-promoting spas. Furthermore, the herb should help with smoking cessation.

In Europe, Kalmus is particularly popular because of its action as a bittersweet . Also, calamus rootand calamus oil are increasingly used. Used here is the rhizome, so the root of calamus (Calami rhizoma). It is consumed in addition to the tea, oil and Magenbitterherstellung similar to ginger candied, which is why Acorus calamus is also known as German Ginger.

The rhizome of calamus contains between one and five percent of essential oils, which also strongly remind of ginger and are an important part of the healing effect.

Effect of Kalmus – ingredients at a glance

In Kalmus, in addition to the already mentioned essential oils , bitter substances as well as mucus and tannins are also present . Above all, the bitter substances contained make the Kalmus a popular medicinal plant for loss of appetite and gastrointestinal complaints.

Below you will find details of the respective ingredients.

Bitter substances not only help with loss of appetite

Kalmus is not in vain used for thousands of years for digestive problems. Its various bitter substances stimulate the production of saliva and the production of gastric juice, which supports digestion.

In addition, bitter substances, which are also contained in galangal , for example , contribute to the release of the digestive hormone gastrin, which plays a crucial role in the digestive processes in the gastrointestinal tract. In addition to the metabolism stimulating effect, bitter substances are also considered

  • antibacterial,
  • antifungal (against fungi),
  • appetizing,
  • improves circulation,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • anticonvulsant,
  • entblähend
  • and even immune boosting.

Overall, bitter substances are said to make calmus a wonderful herb

  • loss of appetite,
  • Gastrointestinal inflammation,
  • liver disease
  • and indigestion.


Kalmuseigene mucous soothe mucous membranes

The mucilage contained in calmus, as well as in borage are known to develop a kind of protective film on the surface of mucous membranes. This is beneficial not only for inflamed gastrointestinal mucosa but also in case of oral mucosal inflammation.

Due to their protective film, mucous substances keep pain and inflammatory stimuli away from the mucous membranes. In this way, the mucosal tissue reacts less sensitive in the presence of inflammation.

Essential oils and bitter substances have an anti-inflammatory effect

When it comes to the treatment of inflammation , not only disinfectant tannins are effective in calm. Essential oils such as eugenol and asaron are also relevant for the beneficial effects of calamus root in inflammation. The ingredients mentioned is a

  • to stimulate blood circulation,
  • antispasmodic,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antibacterial,
  • antifungal,
  • antiviral
  • and antioxidant

Effect said. Eugenol in particular is used here in a targeted manner for the treatment of oral mucosal, dental and gingivitis. All in all, tannins and essential oils in Kalmus are said to help alleviate

  • gastritis
  • inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases
  • Gingivitis
  • stomatitis
  • Infections in the mouth and throat

Use of Kalmus – please only in moderation

As shown above, you can Kalmus especially as

  • dried calamari tea,
  • Calamus oil or mother tincture of calamus oil
  • or candied squid roots

to buy. Also an extension in the own garden is possible. If the rearing succeeds, it can be harvested towards late summer. The cleaned roots are then cut into 20 cm pieces and dried in a shady place. For further processing, it is recommended to cut the roots into slices.

Calm root tea for ingestion and gargling

If you want to make a tea from calamus, one to two teaspoons of dried root are sufficient:

Hot tea approach from the calamus root:

  • 1 – 2 teaspoons of dried calamus root
  • 150 – 200 ml of boiling water
  • Brewing time: 5 minutes
  • 3 times a day before meals

The Kalmuswurzeltee is recommended at

  • Inflammation of the upper digestive tract,
  • Loss of appetite and
  • Gastrointestinal complaints.

For complaints after a rich meal, the tea can also be consumed after meals to stimulate digestion.


In addition, you can use the tea after cooling as a mouthwash, if you suffer from inflammation in the mouth and throat area.

Calamus or Kalmustinktur as a bitter

Just like Kalmustee also act calamus and tincture of Kalmus soothing to the stomach and intestines. A mouthwash solution is also conceivable if it is sufficiently diluted with water. If you want to make a bittersweet with the essences of calamus root, we recommend the following recipe:

Recipe for calabash gastric bitter:

  • 1 – 2 tbsp calamus oil
  • 1 1/2 tablespoon of Benedictine herb
  • 1 1/2 teaspoon of centaury
  • 1 1/2 teaspoon of orange (dried)
  • 1 tbsp vermouth
  • 1/2 tbsp cloves (chopped)
  • 1/2 l fruit brandy
  • Put the ingredients together with the fruit brandy in a bottle
  • Let the bitters ripen in the sun for six weeks in a bright place – shake the bottle daily
  • filter the bitter of the stomach after the extraction time
  • then close it well and store it cool in a dark bottle

if necessary, take 20 – 30 drops 3 times a day

Kalmus also chew for smoking cessation

Especially the South Americans like to chew fresh calamus root to alleviate or prevent indigestion. In addition to the positive health aspects, the root also ensures a fresh breath and should help smokers to exit.

It is said that the bitter substances contained in the calamus reduce the craving for a cigarette.

Side effects of Kalmus

So far, no interactions between drugs and Kalmus are known.

However, as there are still no adequate studies, pregnant women should as a precaution to abstain from taking the medicinal herb.

Experiences with Kalmus – study situation still insufficient

Despite its thousands of years of application history, the effect of Kalmus is still relatively unexplored. But there is a groundbreaking study. She examined the anti-inflammatory potential of Kalmus and was able to achieve positive results.

Notwithstanding the poor study situation, however, many people also swear by the digestive and appetizing effect of calamus root. A trial and error can be worthwhile.


Calm is a wonderful herb for the treatment of digestive and gastrointestinal complaints. It also helps with loss of appetite, inflammation in the mouth and throat.